Dentistry / Aesthetic
Dentistry or cosmetic dentistry is the branch of dentistry that works in the area of cosmetic and dental restoration. Among other services, the experts in this field deal with whitening of teeth, use of direct resins, veneers and esthetic restorations. Its main focus is the aesthetics combined with function and oral health.
Dental specialty responsible for the prevention and treatment of diseases affecting the supporting tissues and protection of the teeth (bone and gum) Tartar is formed by the deposit of bacterial plaque on the tooth surface which react chemically with saliva calcium phosphate, resulting in a layer hardened on the teeth. It must be removed by the dentist and can be prevented by brushing and flossing.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingival tissues surrounding the tooth. It is usually preceded by plaque in the gingival sulcus. It can be avoided with proper brushing and flossing.
Periodontitis is inflammation that affects the periodontium, causing the destruction of the gums and bone responsible for attachment of the tooth. With its evolution for tooth softening due to the bone loss that can lead to tooth loss.
Lack of adequate sanitation can also compromise the health of the gums. One of the first signs that it is a problem with is the presence of swelling, reddish and bleeding during brushing. These are signs of gingivitis, or inflammation in this region. “Gum is as important as the tooth; to keep it healthy is crucial, after brushing, flossing correctly between the curves of the teeth. “If gingivitis is left untreated, the infection can progress and compromise the structures that support the teeth. The gums begin to loosen and retract (this stage is called periodontitis). This allows the plaque to move toward the roots, the supporting fibers and bone. To avoid further problems in the future, in addition to oral hygiene, the ideal is to visit the dentist 6 in 6 months.
For the masticatory system works properly teeth need to be in balance in the upper and lower dental arches. The loss of a single tooth unbalances the system and forces the teeth to move migrating to compensate for the loss. Spaces are created, gaps occur and chewing and aesthetics suffer. The teeth need to be replaced. What types of prostheses there?
- Prosthesis fixed unit (crowns, cores, inlays, onlays ..)
- Partial Fixed or Fixed Bridge
- Removable Partial or Drawbridge
- Total Mobile or Dentures
- Fixed or Mobile Implant
The oral and maxillofacial surgery is outpatient or hospital environment. In offices minor surgeries are performed, mostly under local anesthesia, which are for example removed impacted teeth, cysts, periapical or paradentais injuries, dental implants, surgery for prosthetic adaptations among others. major surgeries are performed under general anesthesia in a hospital setting and require more care.
The endodontics is one of the dental specialties that prevents and cures diseases in dental pulp. In cases of illness, treatment is to remove the soft tissue called pulp when it is infected by replacing it with filling material. Besides the root canal treatment, endodontics restores the normality of the pulp tissues through pulp curettage, pulpotomy, pulpectomy or treatment cirúrgico.Se there is need for a root canal treatment and is not carried out, the tooth can evolve with root infection and spread to the surrounding tissues, occurring the invasion of bacteria in the bloodstream (bacteremia), with possible painful symptoms, swelling, fever and drainage intra or extra-oral purulent collection.
The word means the technique of correcting the position of teeth. In practice, orthodontics, combined with orthopedic dento facial, are dental specialties that care about the human being as a whole, and body functions, not only attend to the pursuit of aesthetics. The patient presenting teeth out of position beyond the aesthetic problem, usually also have some difficulty related to the functions of your body, such as mouth breathing and impaired tongue posture, and difficulty of cleaning the teeth. The nose has the important functions warm, humidify and filter the air going into the lungs and therefore when we breathe through the mouth introduce them cold, dry air and dirty. Mouth breathing can provide entry of allergenic elements in the respiratory tract and cause disgnatias because the muscles involved in the opening of the mouth, pushing laterally the dental arches, preventing them to develop normally.
On the other hand, mouth breathing dries the mouth, depriving saliva protection of teeth and causing atypical swallowing that, in turn, gives rise to the open bite. Early diagnosis is important because the sooner you start the correction of possible problems, easier and abbreviated will become the treatment. Some time ago it was believed that facial dento correction was the privilege of children and adolescents. The advancement of research showed that encouraging results are obtained at any age and, today, the service is unrestricted in terms of age. Adult patients receive care, not only to solve aesthetic problems such as diastema correction, but also to alleviate suffering caused by orofacial disorders; to correct dental positioning, facilitating the adaptation of dental prostheses; for tooth extrusion that is necessary when it is detected fracture or cavities below the gum. Thus, the treatment provides comprehensive results, combining the beauty of the smile to the general welfare, which comes from the harmonious functioning of the body.
The implants are “roots” installed artificial (implanted) in the mandible or jawbone. When replacing tooth roots, enables the fabrication of prostheses on them, allowing estétca and functional rehabilitation (mastication), and returning to social life quality debilitated individual. Dental implants provide comfort and efficient mastication, similar to natural teeth, being superior to the use of total prosthesis (dentures) and dentures. At the present time the implants are made of commercially pure titanium, scientifically proven.